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Transport economics and sustainable development in Ukraine

Authors:
Luc Hens1,2,3, Leonid Melnyk3, Oleksandr Matsenko3, Olena Chygryn3, Candy Chamorro Gonzales2
1. Vlaamse Instelling voor Technologish Onderzoek (Belgium)
2. Universidad de la Costa (Colombia)
3. Sumy State University (Ukraine)
Pages:
272 - 284
Language:
English
Cite as:
Hens, L., Melnyk L., Matsenko, O., Chygryn, O. & Gonzales, C. C. (2019). Transport Economics and Sustainable Development in Ukraine. Marketing and Management of Innovations, 3, 272-284. http://doi.org/10.21272/mmi.2019.3-21


Annotation

The contemporary development of transport systems is characterized by an ecological, technical, social and economic contradictions. An acceptable global solution can be obtained by matching relevant criteria. This paper provides a synthesis of economic and organizational peculiarities on sustainable development to transport internationally, it reviews recent trends in this respect and applies international trends to Ukraine. Authors concluded that environmental pollution effects connected with transport system’s development providing additional costs in different spheres of society that gives the opportunity to assert on necessity of integration the research outcomes on green mobility in applied activity. This article summarizes the implemented transport project examples and analyzed their role in realizing sustainable development principles. The authors proved that all creating programs and projects in transport should be based on such interconnected principles: transport planning and localization of production and consumption; transition to more environmentally efficient transport; improving the technology and fuel. In addition it was suggested to include the transport greening principles in criteria’s of economic efficiency in transport. The strategies to reorient the Ukrainian transport industry towards resource-saving approaches are formulated. Substantiated that applying energy-efficient approaches in transport will result in socio-ecological and economic benefits, including ecological, social, public health, transport and urban components. The authors analyzed advantages and disadvantages of different kind of modern transport vehicles in the context of sustainable development principles realization that allows understanding which economic sectors and entrepreneurs should be involved in the process of transport greening creating the basis for public, private and foreign investment attraction.


Keywords
transport system, sustainable development, transport greening promotion, effectiveness, benefits


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