Кластеры, инновации и энергоэффективность: есть ли взаимосвязь

Авторы:
М. Тваронависиене1,2
1. Вильнюсский технический университет им. Гедиминаса (г. Вильнюс, Литва)
2. Литовская вое́нная акаде́мия имени генерала Йонаса Жямайтиса (г. Вильнюс, Литва)
Раздел:
Экологический маркетинг и менеджмент
Страницы:
382 - 391
Язык оригинала:
Английский
DOI:
10.21272/mmi.2017.2-35


Аннотация

В этой статье обсуждаются конкретные аспекты роли кластеров в повышении энергетической безопасности. Поднимается и обсуждается предположение о роли кластеров в качестве движущей силы интеллектуального роста с соответствующим воздействием на развитие сектора услуг. Утверждается, что разумный рост будет способствовать расширению сферы услуг; то есть ускорит наблюдаемые процессы. Аналитическая часть статьи посвящена долгосрочному прогнозированию (до 2050 года) энергоемкости сектора услуг в отдельных странах разного развития. Цель такого прогнозирования – выявить, будет ли уменьшаться и сходиться интенсивность энергопотребления в секторе услуг в результате инновационных процессов, затрагиваемых кластерами заинтересованных сторон, которые являются бизнес-компаниями, университетами, государством и обществом. В статье авторы утверждают, что кластеризация перечисленных участников посредством передачи технологий и культуры потребления влияет на тенденции изменения энергоемкости в секторе услуг и подталкивает их. Также в статье замечено, что можно проследить взаимосвязь между кластерами, умным ростом и энергетической безопасностью (за счет снижения энергоемкости в секторах услуг в разных развитых странах). Предполагается, что указанная взаимосвязь не зависит от уровня развития стран; во всяком случае, менее развитые европейские страны больше выигрывают от явления кластеризации.


Ключевые слова
кластеры, энергетическая безопасность, инновации, сектор услуг, устойчивое развитие


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