Ефективне управління природоохоронною діяльністю: вплив викидів двоокису вуглецю (СО2) на економічне зростання арабських держав Перської затоки

Автори:
X. Дкхілі1,2, Л. Б. Дхіаб1
1. Північний прикордонній університет (Саудівська Аравія)
2. Університет Джендуба (Туніс)
Сторінки:
252 - 268
Мова оригіналу:
Англійська
Цитувати як:
Dkhili, H., Dhiab, L. B. (2019). Management of Environmental Performance and Impact of the Carbon Dioxide Emissions (CO2) on the Economic Growth in the GCC Countries. Marketing and Management of Innovations, 4, 252-268. http://doi.org/10.21272/mmi.2019.4-20


Анотація

У даній роботі узагальнені аргументи та контраргументи в рамках наукової дискусії з питань ефективності управління природоохоронною діяльністю, зокрема щодо зменшення викидів двоокису вуглецю та її впливу на економічне зростання країн. Основною метою проведеного дослідження є емпірична перевірка гіпотези екологічної кривої Кузнеця для арабських країн Перської затоки. Систематизація літературних джерел та підходів до розв'язання проблеми моделювання еколого-економічної взаємодії засвідчила, що актуальними залишаються питання дослідження зв’язку між економічним розвитком та рівнем забрудненням навколишнього середовища. Дослідження гіпотези екологічної кривої Кузнеця для арабських країн Перської затоки в статті здійснено в наступній логічній послідовності: побудова системи моделей GMM; коінтеграційний тест Педроні; залишковий коінтеграційний тест Као) та причинні тести Грейнджера. Об’єктом дослідження обрано арабські країни Перської затоки, періодом дослідження обрано 2002-2018 роки. Представлені результати емпіричного аналізу засвідчили односпрямовані причинно-наслідкові зв'язки між економічним зростанням та всіма ендогенними змінними (індекс екологічної ефективності, рівень відкритості торгівлі, прямі іноземні інвестиції) запропонованої економіко-математичної моделі. Ці відносини є статистично значущими на рівні 5%. Дослідження емпірично підтверджує та теоретично доводить несуттєвий та однонаправлений зв'язок між економічним зростанням та викидами двоокису вуглецю. Автори спростовують гіпотезу екологічної кривої Кузнеця для арабських країн Перської затоки. Результати проведеного дослідження можуть бути корисними при побудові політики арабських країн Перської затоки щодо зменшення середнього рівня викидів двоокису вуглецю та побудови ефективної системи управління природоохоронною діяльністю.


Ключові слова
екологічні показники, екологічна крива Кузнеця, викиди двоокису вуглецю


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