Resource potential of ukrainian agricultural sector and its implementation

Authors:
L.M. Koval
Section:
Ecological Marketing and Management
Pages:
280 - 289
Language:
English


Annotation

The aim of the article. The article defines its main goal as the assessment of the resource potential of agricultural sector of Ukraine and description the opportunities of its usage in achieving competitive advantages of the state on foreign markets.

The results of the analysis. During the research it was established that the resource potential of agricultural sector of Ukraine provides conditions for formation of powerful competitive advantages in world markets. In the period of exacerbation of the global food crisis the prospects of Ukraine become apparent. However, it has been found out that the state does not use its opportunities and, moreover, turns into an import-dependent country. Transformation processes that began in the village after gaining Ukraine’s independence, had to withdraw the agrarian economy to a qualitatively new level of development, however, led to the decline of the industry. Land as the main national wealth turned out to be in the hands of those who were unable to take care of it, and is rapidly losing its value. Most newly formed agricultural farms work on short-term lease that does not induce them to make efforts for the implementation of land improvements, but only provokes predatory exploitation of the soil. The problem is exacerbated due to lack of effective legal base and state control over business activities in rural areas. At the same time, there is no sense to speak about the state support, which is missing for small structures are at the disposal to close to power managers of agricultural holdings, which puts the market participants in unequal conditions of competition. The results of investigation confirmed that several of agricultural holdings, which operate in the state procure more than half of the equipment and, thus, have a higher level of productivity. Small companies have no funds for it, and this undermines their competitive position, and gives them neither the access to world markets, nor the opportunity but further development.

Conclusions and directions of further researches. The analysis gives reasons for the conclusion about the ineffective usage of the resource potential of Ukraine’s agrarian sector, its actual neglect which is the consequence of unsystematic character and incoherence of define stages of agrarian reforms and can lead to a serious social, economic and ecological crisis. The awareness of this predetermines the necessity of searching the ways of urgent solution of the problems. The first steps in this direction are the following: the improvement of the legal field of agrarian reforms, simplification of administrative procedures of running business, fighting corruption and building a qualitatively new system of state regulation of distribution and use of productive resources of the agrarian sector. It has been indicated that the main task of the current stage of reforms should be the creation of optimal conditions for a substantial increase in social investment and productive capacity of the earth, its transformation into an independent factor of economic growth. The fulfillment of this task must be insured by the comprehensive application of instrument of economic and administrative methods of management that should be implemented as a part of general economic reform, and in searching the balance between which there are prospects for further research.


Keywords
agriculture, resource potential, agrarian reform, agricultural production, labour resources


Links
  1. Zbarskyi, V.K., & Varchenko, O.M. (2011). Hlobalna prodovolcha kryza: vyklyky dlia Ukrainy [Global food crisis: challenges for Ukraine]. Economica ta upravlinnia APK – Economics and management of agriculture, 5(85), 5-10 [in Ukrainian]. 
  2. OON: kilkist holoduiuchykh u sviti perevyshchuie odyn milliard iz-za ekonomichnoi kryzy [UNO: the number of hungry people in the world exceeds one billion due to the economic crisis]. (n.d.). http://www.uk.amazinghope.net. Retrieved from http://www.uk.amazinghope.net/famine-in-the-world/ [in Ukrainian]. 
  3. Systemni problemy, shcho stymuluiut rorzvytok silskoho hospodarstva [Systemic problems that hinder the development of agriculture]. (n.d.). hwww.niss.gov.ua. Retrieved from www.niss.gov.ua/public/File/.../1219_Kozash.p... [in Ukrainian].
  4. Agrarnyi sector Ukrainy: investytsiina pryvablyvist, nezvazhaichy na nedostatnie rehuliuvannia [Agrarian sector of Ukraine: investment attractiveness, despite imperfect regulation]. (n.d.). http://svitagro.com. Retrieved from http://svitagro.com/agrarniy-sektor-ukrayini-investiciyna-privablivist-nezvazhayuchi-na-nedoskonale-regulyuvannya [in Ukrainian].
  5. Sabluk, P.T., Belarus, O.H., & Vlasov, V. (2008). Hlobalizatsiia i prodovolstvo [Globalization and food]. Kyiv: NNTsIAE [in Ukrainian].
  6. Moshko, V.V. (2010). Osoblyvosti antykryzovoho upravlinnia diialnistiu silskohospodarskykh pidpryiemstv [Peculiarities of crisis management activities of agricultural enterprises]. Visnyk Kyivskoho instytutu biznesu ta tehnolohii – Bulletin of the Kiev Institute of business and technology, 3, 15-17 [in Ukrainian].
  7. Yakovliev, Ye.O., Skaletskyi, Yu.M., Ivaniuta, S,P., Yakushenko, L.M. (2011). Otsinka rehionalnykh ekoloho-resursnykh ta ekoloho-tekhnohennykh zahroz natsionalnii bezpetsi Ukrainy: Analitychnyi ohliad [The assessment of regional ecological and resource, environmental and technological threats to the national security of Ukraine: Analytical review]. (2nd ed., rev.). Kyiv: NISD [in Ukrainian].
  8. Shuvar, I. (2011). Pro rodiuchist hruntu treba dbaty postiino [Soil fertility should be constantly cared about]. Ahrobiznes sohodni – Agribusiness today, 20, 219 [in Ukrainian].
  9. Zikhanovska, V.M., & Zikhanovska, O.M. (2012). Suchasni innovatsiini metody spryiannia zabezpechenniu prodovolchoi bezpeky Ukrainy [Modern innovative methods of promoting of food security of Ukraine]. Innovatsiina ekonomika – Innovative economy, 2, 25-29 [in Ukrainian].
  10. Sotsialnyi zvit za 2012 rik [Social Report for 2012]. (n.d.). webcache.googleusercontent.com. Retrieved from http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:qj5rvChYYDEJ:mlsp.kmu. gov.ua/document/152068/2012.doc+Sotsialnyi +zvit+ за+2012+рік&cd=3&hl=u [in Ukrainian].
  11. Horodenko, S. (2012). Demohrafichna sytuatsiia na seli: suchasni problemy ta perspektyvy [The demographic situation in the rural areas: current problems and prospects]. conftiapv.at.ua. Retrieved from http://conftiapv.at.ua/publ/konf_6_7_12_2012_r/sekcija_5_ekonomichni_nauki/ demografichna_situacija_na_seli_suchasni_problemi_ta_perspektivi/53-1-0-2125 [in Ukrainian].
  12. Borodina, O.M., & Prokopa, I.V. (Eds.). (2010). Teoriia, polityka ta praktyka silskoho rozvytku [Theory, policy and practice for rural development]. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
  13. Krylova, I.H. (2011). Demohrafichni kharakterystyky trudovoho potentsialu silskoho naselennia Ukrainy [Demographic characteristics of labour potential of the rural population of Ukraine]. Visnyk ahrarnoi nauky Prychornomoria – Bulletin of agrarian science of the Black Sea, 2, 49-54 [in Ukrainian].
  14. Bohatyrova, R.V. (Eds.). (2013). Shchorichna dopovid pro stan zdorovia naselennia, sanitarno-epidemichnu sytuatsiu ta resultaty dialnosti systemy okhorony zdorovia Ukrainy. 2012. [Annual report on the health status of the population, sanitary-epidemic situation and performance of the health system of Ukraine. 2012]. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
  15. Zhurakovska, L.A. (n.d.). Napriamy pidvyschennia efektyvnosti vykorystannia trudovoho potentsialu na seli [Directions of increase of efficiency of labor potential use in rural areas]. www.niss.gov.ua. Retrieved from http://www.niss.gov.ua/content/articles/files/tpud_potension-da22c.pdf/ [in Ukrainian].
  16. Pratsia Ukrainy u 2012 rotsi: statystychnyi zbirnyk [The labour of Ukraine in 2012: Statistical Yearbook]. (2013). Kyiv: Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].
  17. Skotsyk, V. (n.d.). Yak vyrishyty kadrovu problem v ahrarnomu sektori Ukrainy? Chy stane tsia halus «kadrovym pylososom» vzhe naiblyzhchym chasom? [How to solve the problem of staff in the agrarian sector of Ukraine? Will this industry become a «personnel vacuum cleaner» in the nearest future?]. www.amacoint.com. Retrieved from http://www.amacoint.com/ua/press/articles/45/ [in Ukrainian].
  18. Zhybak, M.M. Do pytannia problem ta perspectyv rozvytku silskohospodarskoho vyrobnytstva [To the question of the problems and prospects of agricultural production development]. archive.nbuv.gov.ua. Retrieved from http://archive.nbuv.gov.ua/portal/chem_biol/nvnau/ 2010_146/10jmm.pdf [in Ukrainian].
  19. Artemenko, O.O. (2010). Rozvytok technichnoho zabezpechenia ahropidpryiemstva ta kontsentratsiia vyrobnytstva produktsii roslynnytstva [Development and technical support of agricultural enterprises and concentration of crop production]. Visnyk KhNTUA: Ekonomichni nauky – Bulletin of KhNTUA, 104, 389-397 [in Ukrainian].
  20. Dodana vartist silskoho hospodarstva Ukrainy [The added value of agriculture of Ukraine during 1990-2012 years]. (n.d). nauka.kushnir.mk.ua. Retrieved from http://nauka.kushnir.mk.ua/makroekonomika/agriculture/agriculture_ukraine.html [in Ukrainian].
  21. Obminni kursy [Exchange rates]. (n.d). Retrieved from: www.bank.gov.ua/files/5-Exchange_rates.xls [in Ukrainian].
  22. Balans osnovnykh zasobiv Ukrainy za 2000-2010 roky: statystychyi zbirnyk [The balance of fixed assets of Ukraine for 2000-2010: statistical book]. (2011). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
  23. Balans osnovnykh zasobiv Ukrainy za 2000-2010 roky: statystychyi zbirnyk [The balance of fixed assets of Ukraine for 2000-2010: statistical book]. (2013). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
  24. Vishnevska, O.M, & Diachenko O.S. (2013). Ahrarnyi sector: vidtvorenia i onovlennia osnovnykh zasobiv [Agricultural sector: reproduction and renewal of fixed assets]. Innovatsiina ekonomika – Innovative economy, 7, 15-19 [in Ukrainian].
  25. Statystychnyi schorichnyk Ukrainy za 2012 rik [Statistical Annually book of Ukraine for 2012]. (2013). Kyiv: Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].
  26. Lutsenko, Yu.O. Mesel-Veseliak, V.Ya. (2012). Stratehichni napriamy rozvytku silskoho hospodarstva Ukrainy na period do 2020 roku [Strategic directions of development of agriculture of Ukraine till 2020]. Kyiv: NNC «IAE» [in Ukrainian].
  27. Derzhavna zemelna polityka v Ukraini: Robochi materialy kruhloho stolu «Stan i stratehia suchasnoi zemelnoi polityky v Ukraini» 21 travnia 2012 roku [The state land policy in Ukraine: Proceedings of the round table «State and strategy of modern land policy in Ukraine”, May 2012]. (2009). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
  28. Tereschuk, S.M. Poiasniuvalna zapyska do proektu Zakonu Ukrainy «Pro konservatsiu zemel» [Explanatory note to the draft of the Law of Ukraine «On conservation of lands»]. http://w1.c1.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved from http://w1.c1.rada.gov.ua/pls/zweb_n/webproc34?id=&pf3511=32727&pf35401=124038/ [in Ukrainian].
  29. Zvit pro konkurentnospromozhnist rehioniv Ukrainy 2013. Nazustrich ekonomichnomu zrostanniu ta protsvitanniu [The report on competitiveness of Ukraine's regions 2013. Towards sustained growth and prosperity]. (2013). Kyiv: Fond «Efektyvne upravlinnia» [in Ukrainian].